LPP2: Site Allocations and Development Management Policies

Listed Buildings

4.37  Listed Buildings are statutorily designated for their special architectural and historic interest under the Town and Country Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. There are over 1,700 listed structures in Waverley, and planning decisions must pay special regard to the desirability of preserving the significance of these listed buildings and their settings.

4.38  Listing descriptions are not a comprehensive or exclusive record of the special interest of a listed building and will usually only describe some of the key external features which should be preserved. However, most Listed Buildings contain many internal original features and property owners should seek to preserve or retain such features whenever seeking consent to undertake works.

4.39  Works to Listed Buildings often require consideration of other environmental impacts. Often the motivation behind works to Listed Buildings can be to improve energy efficiency and reduce heat loss. Owners should be mindful of how this can be achieved in a sensitive way, for example heat loss through windows can be reduced significantly by restoring existing timber windows or reinstating timber shutters. Roof spaces in older buildings in particular can often serve as bat roosts or house nesting birds and property owners should seek to consider how they can protect existing species when formulating works such as loft conversions.

DM20: Development Affecting Listed Buildings, and/or their Settings

Development affecting Statutory Listed Buildings should preserve or enhance the buildings and their settings, and any features of special architectural or historic interest they possess by ensuring that:

  1. it is of a well-considered design which ensures that development will be appropriate and compatible in terms of siting, style, scale, density, height, massing, colour, materials, architectural features and detailing;
  2. changes of use are compatible with and respect the special architectural or historic interest of the heritage asset or its setting and;
  3. the demolition of objects or structures within the curtilage of a Listed Building are supported by robust evidence demonstrating that the object or structure is incapable of repair for beneficial use or enjoyment, or is not of special architectural or historic interest as a structure ancillary to the principal Listed Building.

Proposals which would cause substantial harm to or loss of the heritage asset will not be permitted unless it can be demonstrated that the substantial public benefits gained would outweigh the loss of or harm to the heritage asset. Proposals which would cause less than substantial harm to the significance of the heritage asset will be considered against the other public benefits to be gained.

The Council will give great weight to the desirability of preserving the building, its setting or any features of special architectural or historic interest. 

Explanatory Notes:

4.40  Public benefits, in the sense of Listed Buildings as designated heritage assets, will most likely be the fulfilment of one or more of the objectives of sustainable development as set out in the NPPF, provided the benefits are for the wider community and not just for private individuals or corporations. It should be noted that the NPPF seeks economic, social and environmental (including historic environment) gains jointly and simultaneously.

4.41  It is important to consider if conflict between the provision of such public benefits and heritage conservation is necessary.

4.42  Where the Council's in-house Building Control service is employed, the Council will endeavour to seek innovative solutions where the requirements of the Buildings Regulations conflict with good preservation practice. If strict application of the Building Regulations would otherwise prejudice the character of the listed building, the Council may consider the relaxation of the Building Regulations.

4.43  Any loss of historic fabric may be required to be recorded by persons experienced in assessing historic buildings before works commence, where considered necessary by the Council.

4.44 The Heritage Statement accompanying proposals to alter or extend Listed Buildings, including curtilage listed buildings, defines the significance of the heritage asset by assessing the special interest of the building, the principles of the proposed works and their impact on the building, at a level of detail appropriate to the extent of works proposed. Applicants should show why works which would impact the significance of a Listed Building are desirable or necessary.

Local Plan Part 1 parent policies

HA1: Protection of Heritage Assets



Refusal of applications, and dismissal at appeal, for proposals which would fail to preserve or enhance listed buildings and their settings.


Listed Buildings within the Borough being preserved or enhanced.