LPP2: Site Allocations and Development Management Policies

Glossary

Important note: This glossary does not provide legal definitions, but acts as a guide to key planning terms. This should be read in conjunction with the glossaries of the Local Plan Part 1 and the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF).

Air Quality Management Areas

Areas designated by local authorities because they are not likely to achieve national air quality objectives by the relevant deadlines.

Area of Great Landscape Value (AGLV)

A local landscape designation for an area considered to have high visual quality complementing areas designated as Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). In 1958, 1971 and 1984 Surrey County Council designated parts of the County as AGLV. For much of the area in Waverley the AONB and AGLV designations are contiguous, however there are areas where the AGLV designation extends beyond the AONB.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)

An area of high scenic quality that has statutory protection in order to conserve and enhance the natural beauty of the landscapes. Natural England has a statutory power to designate land as Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000.

Area of Special Environmental Quality (ASEQ)

An area designated in the Local Plan 2002, designed to protect the special character of the towns. The Farnham ASEQ has now been replaced by a similar designation (South Farnham Arcadian Areas) in the Farnham Neighbourhood Plan.

Area of Strategic Visual Importance (ASVI)

This designation affects certain areas of land around Farnham, Godalming, Haslemere and Cranleigh. The areas affected are designated because they are considered to play an important role in preventing the coalescence of settlements or because they are areas of open land that penetrate into the urban area like a green lung. They are considered to be 'strategic' because of the role they play in maintaining the character of Farnham, Godalming, Haslemere and Cranleigh.

Brownfield land

See previously developed land.

Buildings of Local Merit (BLMs)

Buildings identified by Waverley for their local historic, architectural or townscape merit. Often referred to as locally listed.

Conservation Areas (CAs)

Areas designated by the Local Planning Authority under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 Section 69 as being of special architectural or historic interest, the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Conservation Area Appraisal (CAA)

A document which sets out to identify and assess the special interest of a Conservation Area. It informs positive management of the Conservation Area and is a material consideration to be used in the determination of any application for planning permission and listed building consent within the Conservation Area.

Designated Heritage Assets

A World Heritage Site, Scheduled Monument, Listed Building, Protected Wreck Site, Registered Park and Garden, Registered Battlefield or Conservation Area designated under the relevant legislation.

Development

Development is defined under s55 of the 1990 Town and Country Planning Act as 'the carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations, in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any building or other land.'

Development Plan

A Development Plan is defined in section 38 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, and includes adopted local plans, neighbourhood plans that have been made and published spatial development strategies, together with any regional strategy policies that remain in force. Neighbourhood plans that have been approved at referendum are also part of the development plan, unless the local planning authority decides that the neighbourhood plan should not be made.

Development Plan Documents (DPDs)

Are prepared by local planning authorities and form an essential part of the Development Plan, outlining the key development goals. Once adopted, development management decisions must be made in accordance with them unless material considerations indicate otherwise.

Employment Land Review

An evidence document which assesses the supply of, and demand for, employment land within Waverley.

Exception Test

The Exception Test in relation to flood risk is an exercise to ensure development is only permitted in areas of higher flood risk where justified by overwhelming sustainability reasons, and the development can be made safe for its lifetime.

Green Belt

A designation for land around certain cities and large built-up areas, which aims to keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped. The purposes of the Green Belt are to check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas, prevent neighbouring towns from merging, safeguard the countryside from encroachment, preserve the setting and special character of historic towns and assist urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land.

Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA)

A survey of current Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople facilities and needs.

Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA)

A Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA) refers to the several distinct stages of Assessment which must be undertaken to determine if a plan or project may affect the protected features of a European Protected habitats site.

Heritage Assets

A building, monument, site, place, area or landscape identified as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of its heritage interest. Heritage assets include designated and non-designated heritage assets identified by the local planning authority (including local listing).

Heritage at Risk

List of designated heritage assets whose value is under threat. The threats can be neglect, environmental damage, crime or inappropriate development. For all Listed Buildings, Scheduled Monuments, Registered Parks and Gardens, Registered Battlefields, Protected Wreck Sites and Conservation Areas, Historic England publishes a list annually.

Inclusive design

Designing the built environment, including buildings and their surrounding spaces, to ensure that they can be accessed and used by everyone.

Inset from the Green Belt

Where the settlement area of a town of village is not included within the Green Belt but the surrounding area is within the Green Belt.

Land Availability Assessment (LAA)

A study that provides information on land supply for housing and other uses.

Legibility

The degree to which a place can be easily understood by its users and the clarity of the image it presents to the wider world.

Listed Building

A building of special architectural or historic interest designated by the Secretary of State in accordance with s1(5) Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. Listed Buildings are graded I, II* or II. Listing includes the interior as well as the exterior of the building, and any buildings or permanent structures (e.g. wells) within its curtilage. Historic England is responsible for designating buildings for listing in England.

Local Green Space

Areas of green space which are protected against development because they are of particular local significance and demonstrably special to the local community.

Local Plan

The plan for the future development of the local area, drawn up by the local planning authority in consultation with the community. In law this is described as the development plan documents adopted under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. A local plan can consist of either strategic or non-strategic policies, or a combination of the two.

Local Plan Part 1

A local plan for Waverley which sets out the strategic approach over the plan period and allocates a number of strategic housing sites.

Materiality

Materiality is used to refer to elements of design in the surrounding area that are significant and relevant.

Natural Surveillance

The presence of passers-by or the ability of people to see out of windows helps discourage anti-social or criminal behaviour. Also known as passive surveillance (or supervision).

Neighbourhood Plan

A plan prepared by a Parish Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a designated neighbourhood area. In law this is described as a neighbourhood development plan in the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.

Non-Designated Heritage Assets

Buildings, monuments, sites, places, areas or landscapes that have not previously been formally identified but that have a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of their heritage interest.

Open Spaces

All open space of public value, including not just land, but also areas of water (such as rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs) which offer important opportunities for sport and recreation and can act as a visual amenity.

Permitted Development Rights

Permission to carry out certain limited forms of development without the need to make an application to a local planning authority, as granted under the terms of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order.

Placemaking

Inspires people to collectively reimagine and reinvent public spaces as the heart of every community. It facilitates creative patterns of use, paying particular attention to the physical, cultural, and social identities that define a place and support its ongoing evolution (Definition from Project for Public Spaces).

Previously developed land

Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the whole of the curtilage should be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure. This excludes: land that is or was last occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings; land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill, where provision for restoration has been made through development management procedures; land in built-up areas such as residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds and allotments; and land that was previously developed but where the remains of the permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape.

Primary Shopping Area

Defined area where retail development is concentrated.

Registered Parks and Gardens

A national list compiled by Historic England of designed landscapes, gardens, grounds, and other planned open spaces, such as town squares identified as of historic significance for consideration in the planning system, but without bringing any additional special statutory protection. The emphasis of the register is on 'designed' landscapes, rather than on planting or botanical importance.

Rural Areas

Rural areas are those areas of the Green Belt and Countryside beyond the Green Belt, outside of defined settlement boundaries.

Rural Worker

A rural worker is someone who works in an enterprise which by its nature operates in the countryside, including agricultural and forestry businesses.

Scheduled Monument

A building or structure above or below ground whose preservation is of national importance and which has been scheduled by the Secretary of State for Digital Culture, Media and Sport under the s1(11) Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 because of its historic, architectural, or traditional artistic or archaeological interest.

Self-build and Custom Build

Housing built by an individual, a group of individuals, or persons working with or for them, to be occupied by that individual. Such housing can be either market or affordable housing. A legal definition, for the purpose of applying the Self-build and Custom Housebuilding Act 2015 (as amended), is contained in section 1(A1) and (A2) of that Act.

Sequential Test (flooding)

The Sequential Test in relation to flooding seeks to ensure development is directed to those areas with the lowest risk of flooding.

Statement of Community Involvement

The Statement of Community Involvement sets outs the processes to be used by the Local Authority in involving the community in the preparation, alteration and continuing review of all Local Development documents and Development Management decisions.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

A procedure (set out in the Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004) which requires the formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)

A SFRA should be carried out by the local planning authority to inform the preparation of its Local Plan, having regard to catchment-wide flooding issues which affect the area. Policies in Local Plans should set out requirements for site-specific Flood Risk Assessments (FRAs) to be carried out by developers and submitted with planning applications in areas of flood risk identified in the plan.

Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs)

Documents which add further detail to the policies in the development plan. They can be used to provide further guidance for development on sites, or on particular issues, such as design. They are capable of being material considerations in planning decisions but are not part of the development plan.

Sustainability Appraisal

An appraisal of the economic, environmental and social effects of a plan from the outset of the preparation process to allow decisions to made that accord with sustainable development.

Sustainable transport modes

Any efficient, safe and accessible means of transport with overall low impact on the environment, including walking and cycling, low and ultra low emission vehicles, car sharing and public transport.

Town centre

Area defined on the local authority's policies map, including the primary shopping area and areas predominately occupied by main town centre uses within or adjacent to the primary shopping area. References to town centres or centres apply to city centres, town centres, district centres and local centres but exclude small parades of shops of purely neighbourhood significance. Unless they are identified as centres in the development plan, existing out-of-centre developments, comprising or including main town centre uses, do not constitute town centres.

The Plan

Refers to Waverley's Local Plan, both Parts 1 and 2.

Use Classes Order

The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 puts use of land and buildings into various categories. Planning permission is not needed for changes of use within the same use class.

Vernacular

The way in which ordinary buildings were built in a particular place, making use of local styles, techniques and materials.

Washed over

Villages within a designated green belt which are not subject to specific proposals to extend the village boundary for development.

Windfall Site

Sites not specifically identified in the development plan.