LPP2: Site Allocations and Development Management Policies

Archaeology

4.64  Archaeological remains constitute the principal surviving evidence of the Borough's past. They are however a finite and fragile resource. The destruction of such remains, by development, should be avoided to ensure the Borough's past is not lost forever. Policy HA1 sets out the importance of safeguarding such heritage assets.

4.65  Sometimes where archaeological remains are uncovered during development, it is not possible to preserve them in situ. In such instances, the opportunity should be taken to record these archaeological assets, and archive and display them in a local museum where possible. It may also often be possible to integrate or reference archaeological remains into the design when formulating proposals for new development.

4.66  When conducting intrusive ground works such as trench excavations, it is important to be mindful of the importance to protecting soil resources and preventing their pollution.

4.67  In Waverley, there 30 Scheduled Ancient Monuments, 39 County Sites of Archaeological Importance, and 172 Areas of High Archaeological Potential.

4.68  Written consent from the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport must be obtained before any work on a Scheduled Ancient Monument can commence. Some developments may also require planning permission, the policy below is only in relation to the planning element.

DM25: Archaeology

Archaeological remains can be either designated or non-designated heritage assets.

  1. Where development involving ground disturbance is proposed on or near Scheduled Ancient Monuments, County Sites of Archaeological Importance and Areas of High Archaeological Importance (as identified on the Adopted Policies Map) or on any site exceeding 0.4 hectares, an initial assessment of the archaeological value will be required as part of the planning application. Where that initial assessment indicates that archaeological remains are or may be present, an archaeological field evaluation will be required. The evaluation should define:
    1. The character, importance and condition of any archaeological deposits or structures within the site.
    2. The likely impact of the proposed development of these features
    3. The means of mitigating the impact of the proposed development.
  2. Where important archaeological remains are found to exist, and can justifiably be left in situ, their protection will be required by planning condition or legal agreement.
  3. Where such remains cannot reasonably be protected in situ, a full archaeological investigation of the site including archaeological recording, formal reporting and publication of the findings, and archiving of the recovered material in a suitable repository, will be required in accordance with a scheme of work to be agreed in writing with the Council prior to the commencement of any works.

A balanced judgment will be required having regard to the scale of any harm or loss and the significance of the heritage asset.

Local Plan Part 1 parent policies

HA1: Protection of Heritage Assets

Monitoring

Indicator:

Refusal of applications, and dismissal at appeal, for proposals which would result in the loss of archaeological assets.

Target:

Appropriate preservation and recording of archaeological assets.